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JAEA Reports

Excavation of shafts and research galleries at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (construction work of MIU part VII); Construction progress report, fiscal year 2016-2017

Geoscience Facility Construction Section, Tono Geoscience Center

JAEA-Review 2018-026, 92 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-026.pdf:11.89MB

This progress report presents an outline compilation of construction activities, primary tasks performed, construction progress and safety patrol report, in Fiscal Year 2016-2017. The outline of construction activities is a summary based on the scope of work planned in Fiscal Year 2016-2017: the main activities are based on the Tono Geoscience Center weekly reports; and the construction progress is based on the planned and actual schedules. Regarding the actual performance of the construction work of MIU part VII (March 16, 2016 -March 15, 2018) performance carried out from April 1, 2016 until March 15, 2018 is described in this report and the performance started from March 16, 2018 is supposed to be described in progress report of construction work of MIU part VIII.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2017

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Kono, Takahiko; Hosomi, Kenji; Hokama, Tomonori; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-025, 171 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-025.pdf:3.81MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2016 to March 2017. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Summaries of research and development activities by using supercomputer system of JAEA in FY2017; April 1, 2017 - March 31, 2018

Information Technology Systems' Management and Operating Office

JAEA-Review 2018-018, 167 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-018.pdf:34.23MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) conducts research and development (R&D) in various fields related to nuclear power and utilizes computational science and technology in many activities. As shown in the fact that about 20 percent of papers published by JAEA are concerned with R&D using computational science, the supercomputer system of JAEA has become an important infrastructure to support computational science and technology. In FY2017, the system was used for R&D aiming to restore Fukushima (environmental recovery and nuclear installation decommissioning) as a priority issue, and for JAEA's major projects such as R&D of fast reactor cycle technology, research for safety improvement in the field of nuclear energy, and basic nuclear science and engineering research. This report presents a great number of R&D results accomplished by using the system in FY2017, as well as user support, operational records and overviews of the system, and so on.

JAEA Reports

Comparison of potential radiotoxicity of actinide elements; Data for consideration of optimum recovery of actinide elements

Morita, Yasuji; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsubata, Yasuhiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-017, 32 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-017.pdf:2.35MB

Potential radiotoxicity defined as a summation of intake dose was estimated for each actinide element to suppose target of recovery ratio of minor actinide (MA). Importance of each element from the viewpoint of the radiotoxicity was evaluated from the evolution of the radiotoxicity and ratio to the total radiotoxicity. In all the 4 types of spent fuels examined, Am is the most important element. For instance, the potential radiotoxicity of Am accounts for 93% of the total radiotoxicity of actinide elements in HLW produced by reprocessing of spent fuel from pressurized water reactor (PWR). Residual Pu after the recovery of 99.5% in reprocessing still gives contribution that cannot be ignored in radiotoxicity. When the burn-up of the UO$$_{2}$$ fuel in PWR increased, the potential radiotoxicity of actinide elements increased almost in proportion to the burn-up, but in case of MOX fuel in PWR and minor-actinide-recycled MOX fuel in fast reactor, the radiotoxicity of actinide elements increased further. Much consideration is required for the recovery of actinide elements in HLW from different types of fuel.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary combustion analyses using OpenFOAM

Thwe, Thwe Aung; Terada, Atsuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro

JAEA-Technology 2018-012, 45 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-012.pdf:4.34MB

Under long-term storage of nuclear wastes including low- and high-level wastes, hydrogen can be spontaneously generated from corrosion of metal wastes and container wall itself, and from radiolysis of water in the waste. For the sake of hydrogen safety and the risk reduction of environmental contamination, we have started to investigate the behavior and characteristics of hydrogen combustion and explosion in waste vessel. In this report, we performed numerical simulation to investigate the characteristics of methane combustion by applying OpenFOAM. For combustion scenario, FireFoam solver with LES frame was used. As the results, the average temperature increased when the container height and inlet size increased. The simulation of gas diffusion by FireFoam results showed that helium diffused faster than hydrogen and methane. By XiFoame solver, the simulation was performed to obtain flame propagation radius for hydrogen-air premixed flame.

JAEA Reports

Progress of general control system for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Watanabe, Akihiko*

JAEA-Technology 2018-011, 57 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-011.pdf:4.98MB

For safely and efficiently operating a spallation neutron source and a muon target, a general control system (GCS) operates within Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). GCS administers operation processes and interlocks of many instruments. It consists of several subsystems such as an integral control system (ICS), interlock systems (ILS), shared servers, network system, and timing distribution system (TDS). Although GCS is an independent system that controls the target stations, it works closely with the control systems of the accelerators and other facilities in J-PARC. Since the first beam injection, GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles after modification based on commissioning for operation and control. Then, significant improvements in GCS such as upgrade of ICS by changing its framework software and function enhancement of ILS were proceeded until 2015. In this way, many modifications have been proceeded in the entire GCS during a period of approximately ten years after start of beam operation. Under these situation, it is important to comprehend upgrade history and present status of GCS in order to decide its upgrade plan. This report summarizes outline, structure, roles and functions of GCS in 2017.

JAEA Reports

Heating test of robot test pool

Arakawa, Ryoki; Nosaki, Nobuhisa; Hirata, Yuji*

JAEA-Technology 2018-009, 28 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-009.pdf:2.94MB

The Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development consists of a mock-up test building and a research management building, and various test facilities are installed in them for the decommissioning work after the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings. In the test facilities, the robot test pool for the underwater robot can be tested under temperature conditions raised from room temperature to 60$$^{circ}$$C. Then, for the purpose of grasping the temperature distribution inside of the pool and the temperature rising behavior in temperature raising condition, a temperature heating test with room temperature to 60$$^{circ}$$C. (maximum setting temperature) was performed, and as well as an analytical study was performed. This report summarizes the obtained both experimental and analytical studies.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the User Group Meeting on MLF Spectrometers (DIRECTION 2018); October 11, 2018, Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center (Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan)

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Matsuura, Masato*

JAEA-Review 2018-024, 78 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-024.pdf:76.52MB

The joint user meeting for the neutron spectrometers in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, "DIRECTION 2018", was held jointly by J-PARC MLF, KEK-IMSS, and CROSS. This meeting was purposed to encourage users' activities and collaborations between users and instruments on six beamlines BL01 (4SEASONS), BL02 (DNA), BL06 (VIN ROSE), BL12 (HRC), BL14 (AMATERAS), and BL23 (POLANO). In this meeting, 14 talks and 21 posters were presented, which reported recent research activities using the instruments, and the current status of the instruments and sample environments. This report compiles the presentation materials and their abstracts.

JAEA Reports

Report on cause investigation and countermeasure of leakage trace from the drum

Shimomura, Yusuke; Sato, Takuya; Fukui, Yasutaka; Kudo, Kenji; Yoshioka, Tatsuji

JAEA-Review 2018-023, 220 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-023.pdf:15.6MB

On September 11, 2015, leaky traces of bituminized wastes were confirmed from four drums filled with bituminization in waste packages storage yard (II) of waste management facility in Oarai Research and Development Center. Moreover, even after the subsequent investigation, a leakage trace was found from one bituminous drum on November 10, 2015. Furthermore, on December 2, 2015, there was no a leakage trace in one bituminous drum, however the upper lid was found to be intensely corroded. To investigate the causes and the countermeasures for leakages of bituminized wastes from the drums, we have set up a Work Group to investigate the causes and the countermeasures to leakage traces from the drums. This report is based on "Report on Cause Investigation and Countermeasure of Leakage Trace from the Drum" summarized by this working group, the report was reconstructed including the contents clarified in the subsequent document investigation.

JAEA Reports

Progress report on Nuclear Safety Research Center; JFY 2015 - 2017

Nuclear Safety Research Center, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness

JAEA-Review 2018-022, 201 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-022.pdf:20.61MB

Nuclear Safety Research Center (NSRC), Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is conducting technical support to nuclear safety regulation and safety research based on the Mid-Long Term Target determined by Japanese government. This report summarizes the research structure of NSRC and the cooperative research activities with domestic and international organizations as well as the nuclear safety research activities and results in the period from JFY 2015 to 2017 on the nine research fields in NSRC; (1) severe accident analysis, (2) radiation risk analysis, (3) safety of nuclear fuels in light water reactors (LWRs), (4) thermohydraulic behavior under severe accident in LWRs, (5) materials degradation and structural integrity, (6) safety of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, (7) safety management on criticality, (8) safety of radioactive waste management, and (9) nuclear safeguards.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific Program for fiscal year 2018

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Shimada, Akiomi; Asamori, Koichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Watanabe, Takahiro; Saiga, Atsushi; Sueoka, Shigeru; Komatsu, Tetsuya; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-020, 46 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-020.pdf:1.25MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, in fiscal year 2018. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2018 are described in detail based on the outline of 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress in this report. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Data survey and compilation of material property tables of irradiated stainless steel for evaluation of radiation effects on structural material properties of core internals in pressurized water reactors (Contract research)

Kasahara, Shigeki; Fukuya, Koji*; Fujimoto, Koji*; Fujii, Katsuhiko*; Chimi, Yasuhiro

JAEA-Review 2018-013, 171 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-013.pdf:6.89MB

For structural integrity assessment of reactor internals of light water reactors, it is important to evaluate and predict the property changes of structural materials, based on existing data obtained from austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons. Compilation of the data into tables is valuable for discussing the representative or the most probable values of the properties applied to the assessment. When the data compilation, the data must be distinguished clearly in consideration of different service conditions of core internals of pressurized water reactors (PWR) and boiling water reactors. Main objective of this work is to provide material property tables of irradiated austenitic stainless steel which will be applicable for assessment of structural integrity of core internals of PWRs. To compile the table, published literature reporting irradiated stainless steel data were surveyed and screened by considering the service conditions of PWRs. In addition to the data, various parameters for the data evaluation, e.g. chemical compositions and pre-treatments of the materials, irradiation and examination conditions, were extracted from the literature, and listed into tables.

JAEA Reports

Development of measurement system of radioactive plume using unmanned airplane in the fiscal year 2017 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu*; Ochi, Kotaro; Yuki, Yoichi*; Ishizaki, Azusa; Osada, Naoyuki*

JAEA-Research 2018-009, 48 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Research-2018-009.pdf:14.77MB

At the accident of nuclear facilities, a prediction of the behavior of released radioactive plume is indispensable to make a decision on a refuge plan of inhabitants. Currently, prediction system which is based on atmospheric dispersion simulation has been implemented as a tool of the atomic energy disaster prevention. However, the direct measurement method of the radioactive plume has not existed. In this study, some component technologies were developed for the establishment of direct measurement methods of radioactive plume using unmanned aerial vehicle whose technological innovation is remarkable. In addition, the spray test using mock aerosol was conducted to obtaining the deposition rate to the airplane body. The algorism of making a flight plan was developed based on a prediction model of the radioactive plume. This report summarized the outcome of the second year of the three-year plan.

JAEA Reports

Development of fuel performance code FEMAXI-8; Model improvements for light water reactor fuel analysis and systematic validation

Udagawa, Yutaka; Yamauchi, Akihiro*; Kitano, Koji*; Amaya, Masaki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-016, 79 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-016.pdf:2.75MB

FEMAXI-8 is the latest version of the fuel performance code FEMAXI developed by JAEA. A systematic validation work has been achieved against 144 irradiation test cases, after many efforts have been made, in development of new models, improvements in existing models and the code structure, bug-fixes, construction of irradiation-tests database and other infrastructures.

JAEA Reports

Nuclear data processing code FRENDY version 1

Tada, Kenichi; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nagaya, Yasunobu

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-014, 106 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-014.pdf:1.76MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-014-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:6.99MB

A new nuclear data processing code FRENDY has been developed in order to process the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL. Development of FRENDY helps to disseminate JENDL and various nuclear calculation codes. FRENDY is developed not only to process the evaluated nuclear data file but also to implement the FRENDY functions to other calculation codes. Users can easily use many functions e.g., read, write, and process the evaluated nuclear data file, in their own codes when they implement the classes of FRENDY to their codes. FRENDY is coded with considering maintainability, modularity, portability and flexibility. The processing method of FRENDY is similar to that of NJOY. The current version of FRENDY treats the ENDF-6 format and generates the ACE file which is used for the continuous energy Monte Carlo codes such as PHITS and MCNP. This report describes the nuclear data processing methods and input instructions for FRENDY.

JAEA Reports

Submesoscale eddy mixing in coastal and shelf seas (Thesis)

Kamidaira, Yuki

JAEA-Review 2018-021, 79 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-021.pdf:6.33MB

Japan has vast marine environment. Therefore, the marine environmental assessment to grasp oceanic structure of shelf and coastal area in the vicinity is important from various viewpoints, such as marine and seafloor resources, national defense, and disaster prevention for Japan. For instance, preserving the coral coasts around the Ryukyu Islands, and assessing marine pollution due the raidionuclides released form the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant are urgent matters for Japan. In the present study, submesoscale-eddy-resolving numerical experiments using Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) were conducted for areas around the Ryukyu Islands and the northeast Pacific coast of Japan to investigate the applicability of the high-resolution model to the marine assessment system. In addition, we considered improving the Short-Term Emergency Assessment system of Marine Environmental Radioactivity (STEAMER) to reproduce more realistic oceanic dispersal of radionuclide by introducing multiple-nested downscaling ocean modeling system using the ROMS. Extensive model-data comparison demonstrated that the submsoscale eddy-resolving models, with a lateral grid resolution of 1km, could successfully reproduce the synoptic and mesoscale oceanic structures. According to the eddy heat flux analysis and energy conversion analysis relevant to the eddy-generation mechanisms revealed that both of shear instability and baroclinic instability enhanced the three-dimensional mixing of tracers induced by submesoscale eddy. These results suggested that the multiple-nested, high resolution, downscaling ocean modeling has important role to develop the accurate marine environmental assessment system.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2018

Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Review 2018-019, 29 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-019.pdf:6.16MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technology", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). The R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU Project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2018 on the basis of the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and Investigation Plan for the Third Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Fukushima Research Conference on Development of Analytical Techniques in Waste Management (FRCWM 2018); June 19th and 20th, Tomioka Town Art & Media Center, Tomioka, Futaba, Fukushima, Japan

Saegusa, Jun; Koma, Yoshikazu; Ashida, Takashi

JAEA-Review 2018-017, 259 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-017.pdf:53.88MB

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS) is responsible to promote international cooperation in the R&D activities on the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and to develop the necessary human resources. CLADS held the Fukushima Research Conference on Development of Analytical Techniques in Waste Management (FRCWM 2018) on 19th and 20th June, 2018. This report compiles the abstracts and the presentation materials in the above conference.

JAEA Reports

Safety measures in the melting facilities of The Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities; Document collection of discussion meetings related to melting facilities

Iketani, Shotaro; Yokobori, Tomohiko; Ishikawa, Joji; Yasuhara, Toshiyuki*; Kozawa, Toshiyuki*; Takaizumi, Hirohide*; Monma, Takeshi*; Kurosawa, Shingo*; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kishimoto, Katsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-016, 46 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-016.pdf:12.79MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) adopts melting process for the waste processing and packaging method of radioactive miscellaneous solid waste in NSRI because melting process is effective in radioactivity evaluation, volume reduction, and stabilization treatment. Metal melting processing facilities, Incinerator, and Nonmetal melting processing facilities (hereinafter referred to as melting process facilities) have taken lots of safety measures, including measures for preventing the recurrence of the fire accidents. To exchange opinions and discuss the validity of these measures and so on with internal personnel and external experts, "Discussions on Melting Process Facilities" was held. As a document collection, this paper summarizes presentation materials of discussion meetings. Presentation materials describe "Outline of AVRF", "Safety measures in the melting facilities in WVRF", "Operation management of the melting facilities in WVRF", "Comparison of the past accident cases between facilities in and outside Japan and WVRF", and "Introduction of past accident cases and safety measures in other facilities from each committee".

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2016 on the activities of Naraha Remote Technology Development Center

Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development, Fukushima Research Insitute

JAEA-Review 2018-014, 52 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Review-2018-014.pdf:5.62MB

The Naraha Remote Technology Development Center (Naraha Center) consists of a mock-up test building and a research management building, and various test facilities necessary for the decommissioning work after the accident of TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station are installed. Using these test facilities, a wide range of users, such as companies engaged in decommissioning work, research and development institutions, educational institutions, etc., can efficiently develop robots through characterization and performance evaluation of remote-controlled robots. Furthermore, it is possible to make various uses such as exhibitions that many companies have met together, experts' meetings on decommissioning. This report summarizes the activities of the Naraha Center such as development of remote control technologies, maintenance and training of remote control equipment for emergency response, use of component test areas, and so on in FY2016.

22214 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)