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1
Potassium-Argon (K-Ar) dating for fault gouge samples in the Tono Geoscience Center
Tamura, Hajimu*; Shibata, Kenji*; Takahashi, Naoya; Niwa, Masakazu
JAEA-Testing 2017-001, 52 Pages, 2017/03
It is essential to understand the activity of faults in and around a target area to assess the long-term geosphere stability for geological isolation. Potassium-Argon (K-Ar) dating of fault gouge has been conducted in Tono Geoscience Center as one of the dating technique for faulting. This report includes methods for sample preparation, analyses, and age calculation on the K-Ar dating. This can contribute to an evaluation of calculated K-Ar ages.
2
Rearrangement works of unbalanced waste packages by influence of the Great East Japan Earthquake
Ishihara, Keisuke; Kanazawa, Shingo; Kozawa, Masachiyo; Mori, Masakazu; Kawahara, Takahiro
JAEA-Technology 2017-002, 27 Pages, 2017/03
At radioactive waste management facilities in the Nuclear Science Research Institute, solid radioactive wastes are stored by using containers such as 200L drums and pallets to tier containers in 2 to 4 stacks in the height direction in waste storage facilities (Waste Storage Facility No.1, Waste Storage Facility No.2 and Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facility). On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake was happened, and some waste packages dropped from their pallets and large number of waste packages moved from their original position and inclined due to the influence of the earthquake in the waste storage facilities. There was no experience of rearrangement works to set those dropped and unbalanced waste packages in their original position and it was necessary to prepare detailed work procedures and progress for this task to prevent the occurrence of industrial accidents. Therefore, we prepared detailed work manual and repeatedly carried out mock-up test. And then, we started rearrangement work from April 2011 after confirmation of workers skill and adequacy of the work manual. Finally, all rearrangement works for stored waste packages took about four and half years and were completed in September 2015 without any accident and shutdown of storage function. This report summarizes the countermeasures to reduce exposure doses of workers and to prevent the occurrence of industrial accidents during the rearrangement works.
3
Evaluation of nuclides migration for trench-type disposal by a calculation method taking leaching into consideration
Totsuka, Masayoshi; Kurosawa, Ryohei*; Sakai, Akihiro; Nakata, Hisakazu; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Amazawa, Hiroya
JAEA-Technology 2017-001, 40 Pages, 2017/03
Japan Atomic Energy Agency is planning for the near surface disposal of low level radioactive wastes generated from research, industrial and medical facilities industry in Japan. This document provides the values of radioactivity concentrations equivalent to dose criterion for trench-type disposal. These values are derived based on the safety assessment for ground water scenarios by using a model which describes the release of radionuclides from wastes to a cover soil caused by elution. These concentrations are compared with the one calculated by a model that describes the nuclide release mechanisms as solid-liquid partitioning equilibrium. Additionally, the change in the concentrations is evaluated when the amount of water percolating into a disposal facility varies.
4
Measurement of rock mass deformation around the closure test drift during groundwater recovery experiment at 500m depth of Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory
Kuwabara, Kazumichi*; Aoyagi, Yoshiaki; Ozaki, Yusuke; Matsui, Hiroya
JAEA-Research 2017-002, 39 Pages, 2017/03
Authors developed a displacement meter using optical fiber sensor. The displacement meter can be set at any locations in a borehole and guarantee the measurement accuracy up to 5MPa. Total twelve displacement meters were installed in three boreholes to measure the rock mass displacement during groundwater recovery test. The measurement of the rock mass displacement was stated on March, 27, FY 2014. During the first and second groundwater recovery experiments, compressive displacements were observed close to the closure test drift wall. Magnitude of the measured displacements, except vicinity of test drift wall, was smaller than that of calculated under the assumption of it is an isotropic elastic material.
5
Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of Phase II (Construction Phase) investigations to a depth of 350m
Sato, Toshinori; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Ishii, Eiichi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Hayano, Akira; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Fujita, Tomoo*; Tanai, Kenji; Nakayama, Masashi; Takeda, Masaki; et al.
JAEA-Research 2016-025, 313 Pages, 2017/03
The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. This report summarizes the results of the Phase II investigations carried out from April 2005 to June 2014 to a depth of 350m. Integration of work from different disciplines into a "geosynthesis" ensures that the Phase II goals have been successfully achieved and identifies key issues that need to made to be addressed in the Phase II investigations Efforts are made to summarize as many lessons learnt from the Phase II investigations and other technical achievements as possible to form a "knowledge base" that will reinforce the technical basis for both implementation and the formulation of safety regulations.
6
Data of geophysical logging based on the deep borehole investigations in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase I)
Miyara, Nobukatsu; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki
JAEA-Data/Code 2017-005, 34 Pages, 2017/03
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is performing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project, which includes a scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes (HLW), in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in the sedimentary rock. This report integrates geophysical logging data obtained from the deep borehole investigations (HDB-1 $$sim$$ HDB-11) conducted in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase I).
7
Monitoring of groundwater inflow into research galleries in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project); From fiscal year 2014 to 2015
Ueno, Tetsuro; Takeuchi, Ryuji
JAEA-Data/Code 2017-003, 46 Pages, 2017/03
日本原子力研究開発機構東濃地科学センターでは、「地層処分技術に関する研究開発」のうち深地層の科学的研究(地層科学研究)の一環として、岐阜県瑞浪市において結晶質岩(花崗岩)を対象とした超深地層研究所計画を進めている。この計画は、「地表からの調査予測研究段階(第1段階)」、「研究坑道の掘削を伴う研究段階(第2段階)」、「研究坑道を利用した研究段階(第3段階)」の3段階からなる。研究所用地における第1段階の調査研究は、2002年度から2004年度まで実施され、2004年度からは第2段階の調査研究が、2010年度からは第3段階の調査研究が開始されている。研究坑道内に湧出する地下水については、超深地層研究所計画の「研究坑道の掘削を伴う研究段階(第2段階)」における岩盤の水理に関する調査研究の一環として計測体制が整備されて計測を開始し、2013年度に第2段階が一旦終了した後も、湧水量計測を継続している。本データ集は、2014-2015年度に実施した研究坑道内での湧水量計測で取得したデータを取りまとめたものである。
8
In situ stress measurement at the 350 m Loop Gallery East at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Sakurai, Akitaka; Niunoya, Sumio*
JAEA-Data/Code 2016-022, 91 Pages, 2017/03
The objective of this report is to investigate the three dimensional stress state in the 350 m Loop Gallery (East) at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. For the measurement, three boreholes, which are 17.0 m in length, were drilled. Hydraulic fracturing was applied as a stress measurement method. For the analysis, shut-in pressure of a transverse fractures, reopening pressure of longitudinal fractures and stress condition causing borehole breakouts were integrated into the equation; then stress state was calculated by inversion technique. As a result, considering the stress condition causing breakouts, the value of the maximum principal stress was 3.73 MPa, which is much smaller than the overburden pressure (about 6.0 MPa). The orientation of the maximum horizontal stress is almost vertical. The stress state is normal faulting.
9
Gas composition related to the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project
Miyakawa, Kazuya; Tamamura, Shuji*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*
JAEA-Data/Code 2016-021, 60 Pages, 2017/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been involved in ongoing research in the Horonobe area for the purposes of geoscientific research, and research and development (R&D) on technologies to be used for the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The chemistry of groundwater and dissolved gas from deep boreholes has been obtained since H13 fiscal year for R&D on technologies related to geological characterization. Horonobe Research Institute for the Subsurface Environment (H-RISE) has investigated a resources development on promoting effective use of coal bed buried in Hokkaido including the Horonobe area using microbial communities. The data of dissolved gas from the Horonobe groundwater have also been obtained along with the microbiological research by H-RISE. Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) has conducted R&D on technology of groundwater geochronology which is one of technologies to be used for the geological disposal, and noble gas data from the Horonobe groundwater have been obtained by CRIEPI. This report shows a data set which comprises gas data obtained from the Horonobe underground research project during the period from H13 fiscal year to H27 fiscal year.
10
Compilation of information on uplift of the last hundred thousand years in the Japanese Islands
Nomura, Katsuhiro; Tanikawa, Shinichi*; Amamiya, Hiroki; Yasue, Kenichi
JAEA-Data/Code 2016-015, 49 Pages, 2017/03
The uplift of the last hundred thousand years in the Japanese Islands has been acquired mainly using marine and river terraces. We arranged information regarding the uplift in a table. This data is one of the useful information for the development of the investigation technology of uplift and for the research of the landform evolution in Japanese islands.
11
Swelling pressure and leaching behaviors of synthetic bituminized waste products with various salt contents under a constant-volume condition
Irisawa, Keita; Meguro, Yoshihiro
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.365 - 372, 2017/03
We investigated the swelling pressure of synthetic bituminized waste products (BWPs) and the amount of Na$$^{+}$$ in the leachate from them under a constant-volume condition when the BWPs were in contact with water to understand influences of salt content on the surrounding environments after disposal of radioactive BWPs in a geological repository. The observation of the cross section of the synthetic BWP specimens revealed that micropores, which were formed after soluble salts leached out from the specimens, shrank and deformed near the surface of the specimens. The salt content in the synthetic BWP specimens depended on the amount of water taken up, indicating that an increase in the amount of water led to increases in the swelling pressure and the cumulative amount of Na$$^{+}$$ in the leachate. It was found that the shrinkage and deformation of the micropores near the surface of the synthetic BWP specimens that arose under the constant-volume condition significantly influenced increases in the swelling pressure and cumulative amount of Na$$^{+}$$ in the leachate.
12
Determination of dissolved natural thorium and uranium in Horonobe and Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory groundwater and its thermodynamic analysis
Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kokami, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Mizuno, Takashi; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Miyakawa, Kazuya
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.373 - 381, 2017/03
Trace amounts of natural thorium and uranium in deep groundwater were investigated at two underground research laboratories situated at Horonobe and Mizunami, Japan. The groundwater was sampled from underground boreholes, and the colloid contribution was checked by in situ two size-fractionated ultrafiltration systems. A decrease in the concentration after in situ filtration suggested the presence of natural colloids and suspended matter that were carriers of a portion of the elements. The result of the Th and U concentrations in groundwater after 10 kDa filtration was analyzed thermodynamically using existing hydrogeological and geochemical data such as the mineral components in the groundwater at a given pH, ionic strength, concentration of co-existing ions, redox potential, and solid phase assumed. A crystalline solid phase made the solubility very low compared with that of the amorphous phase, and the solubility agreed well with the concentrations measured.
13
Development of methods for recovering uranium from sludge-like uranium generated in decontamination of metal wastes
Ohashi, Yusuke; Tanaka, Yoshio; Tsunashima, Yasumichi; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.382 - 390, 2017/03
Sludge-like uranium wastes (SUWs) have been generated with neutralization of acidic aqueous solutions used for decontamination of metal wastes containing a large amount of iron. We have examined the method for recovering uranium from such SUWs using ${{it N-cyclohexyl}}$-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) as a precipitate. As a result, it was found that precipitation ratios (PRs) of uranium in the solutions prepared by dissolving SUWs in HNO$$_{3}$$ is 97.7% at [NCP]/[U(VI)] = 20, and that the PRs of iron, aluminum, fluorine, and sulfate species are less than 1%. This indicates that uranium species are precipitated selectively. The content ratios of U, Fe, Ca, F, and S in the materials after calcining precipitates obtained at [NCP]/[U(VI)] = 20 were in accordance with the conditions of uranium ore concentrate. From these results, it is expected that highly purified uranium can be efficiently recovered from SUWs by using NCP as the precipitant.
14
Quantitative X-ray Fluorescence analysis of major and trace elements in rock samples at Tono Geoscience Center
Shimizu, Mayuko; Sano, Naomi; Shibata, Kenji*
JAEA-Testing 2016-004, 40 Pages, 2017/02
X-ray fluorescence analysis is one of the methods commonly used to reveal whole-rock chemical composition, which is basic information of rock samples. This report shows methods to prepare glass beads of fused samples and to use the X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (Rigaku ZSX Primus II) housed in Tono Geoscience Center, and the evaluation of precision and accuracy of the measurement.
15
Data acquisition of mass transport parameters
Iwasaki, Riyo*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Morikawa, Keita*; Hosoya, Shinichi*
JAEA-Technology 2016-037, 62 Pages, 2017/02
Mass transport study is mainly performed as part of Phase III in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project. In Phase III, the goal of mass transport study is to obtain a better understanding of mass transport phenomena in the geological environment as well as to develop technologies for measurement of the mass transport parameters, model construction, numerical analysis and validation of those technologies. This study was planned to understand the influence of the geological characteristics of fracture on the mass transport parameters.
16
Technological study about a disposal measures of low-level radioactive waste including uranium and long-half-life radionuclides
Sugaya, Toshikatsu; Nakatani, Takayoshi; Sasaki, Toshihisa*; Nakamura, Yasuo*; Sakai, Akihiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki
JAEA-Technology 2016-036, 126 Pages, 2017/02
At the Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal Project Department Sector of Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management, we performed the technological study about the disposal measures of the low-level radioactive waste targeted for uranium-bearing waste and intermediate depth disposal-based waste occurring from the process of the nuclear fuel cycle.
17
Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2015); Development of recovery and mitigation technology on excavation damage (Contract Research)
Fukaya, Masaaki*; Takeda, Nobufumi*; Miura, Norihiko*; Ishida, Tomoko*; Hata, Koji*; Uyama, Masao*; Sato, Shin*; Okuma, Fumiko*; Hayagane, Sayaka*; Matsui, Hiroya; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2016-035, 153 Pages, 2017/02
The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project in FY2016, detailed investigations of the ( mechanical )behaviors of the plug and the rock mass around the reflood tunnel through ongoing reflood test were performed as part of (5) development of technologies for restoration and/or reduction of the excavation damage. As the result, particularly for the temperature change of the plug, its analytical results agree fairly well agree with the measurement ones. This means cracks induced by temperature stress can be prevented by the cooling countermeasure works reviewed in designing stage. In addition, for the behaviors of the plug and the bedrock boundary after reflooding the reflood tunnel, comparison between the results obtained by coupled hydro-mechanical analysis (stress-fluid coupled analysis ) with the ones by several measurements, concluded that the model established based on the analysis results is generally appropriated.
18
Preliminary 3-dimensional analysis of groundwater flow in the surrounding environment of near surface disposal facility
Sakai, Akihiro; Kurosawa, Ryohei*; Totsuka, Masayoshi; Nakata, Hisakazu; Amazawa, Hiroya
JAEA-Technology 2016-032, 117 Pages, 2017/02
JAEA has been planning to implement near surface disposal of low level waste generated from research, medical, and industrial facilities. JAEA plans to carry out 3d analysis of groundwater flow in geological model around the disposal site because of development of migration assessment modeling of radioactivity materials in the site. In the safety demonstration test in JAEA, 3d analysis of groundwater flow was carried out on 1999. The analysis was calculated by using the code "3D-SEEP". But it is necessary to improve the conditions of the model in the analysis. Therefore, we improved the geological model which had been developed carried out 3d analysis of groundwater flow by using the current 3D-SEEP for the specified disposal site in the future. From the result, we expect that 3d analysis of groundwater flow in the environment around the specified near surface disposal site will be able to be sufficiently conducted by developing an appropriate model for the disposal site.
19
History and current situation of mine water treatment in Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine
Nagayasu, Takaaki; Taki, Tomihiro; Fukushima, Shigeru
JAEA-Technology 2016-031, 53 Pages, 2017/02
The forerunner of JAEA, found a smelter in 1964 to do industrialization tests of hydrometallurgical extraction process from domestic uranium ore to uranium tetrafluoride, extracted at Ningyo-toge. Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond was constructed for the purpose of depositing slag and other things generated due to the operation of the smelter. Furthermore supernatant water from the deposition field had been treated appropriately at wastewater treatment facilities, which has been provided in the downstream site of the pond. We have been utilizing the Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond as a temporary storage field of mine water generated from the old mining gallery, mainly. After filing an abolition report of facilities of the smelter, with the completion of industrial trials of refinery in 1982. Ningyo-toge environmental engineering center has studied for processing uranium and radium, in wastewater, which must be reduced more safely by advancing these processing technical development. Supernatant water of The Pond is treated at the wastewater treatment facilities before discharging to Ikegogawa-river. And those collateralize the emission standards to discharge to the river set at the Center with continuing stable processing. This document summarized the history of the wastewater treatment, technical development for the water treatment, and the current situation of the water treatment.
20
Proceedings of information and opinion exchange conference on geoscientific study, 2016
Nishio, Kazuhisa*; Iyatomi, Yosuke
JAEA-Review 2016-031, 75 Pages, 2017/02
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) has been conducting geoscientific study in order to establish a scientific and technological basis for the geological disposal of HLW. Technical information of the result on the geoscientific study conducted at TGC is provided at the annual Information and Opinion Exchange Conference on Geoscientific Study of TGC for exchanging opinions with researchers and engineers from universities, research organizations and private companies. This document compiles the research presentations and posters of the conference in Mizunami on October 3, 2016.