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Journal Articles

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO$$_{2}$$ or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.

Journal Articles

High-energy spin fluctuation in low-T$$_{c}$$ iron-based superconductor LaFePO$$_{0.9}$$

Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Kodama, Katsuaki; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Hong, T.*; Mutka, H.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 8, p.16343_1 - 16343_6, 2018/11

Spin fluctuations are widely believed to play an important role as one of the most possible mechanisms for unconventional high-temperature superconductors. Here, the spin fluctuation in LaFePO$$_{0.9}$$ is found at high energies such as 30-50 meV with comparable intensity to an optimally doped LaFeAs(O,F).

Journal Articles

Preliminary evaluation of local structure and speciation of lanthanoids in aqueous solution, iron hydroxide, manganese dioxide, and calcite using the L$$_{3}$$-Edge X-ray absorption near edge structure spectra

Ota, Atsuyuki*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Tsuno, Hiroshi*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 122(41), p.8152 - 8161, 2018/10

We investigated the application of L$$_{3}$$-edge XANES spectra to the local structural analysis of lanthanoids in aqueous solution, iron hydroxide, manganese dioxide, and calcium carbonate. For each lanthanoid, the full width at half maximum (FWHM) values of lanthanoid compounds roughly decreased with increasing coordination numbers. However, they did not strictly reflect the local coordination sphere of the lanthanoid complex, but were rather sensitive to their chemical forms. The relationship between the magnitude of the FWHM values was determined by the crystal field splitting or degeneracy of 5d orbitals. The systematic variation of FWHM can be explained by the ligand strength of the ligand molecules (-H$$_{2}$$O$$^{0}$$, -O$$^{-}$$, -OH$$^{-}$$, -CO$$_{3}$$$$^{2-}$$, -Cl$$^{-}$$, and -O$$^{2-}$$) that cause the crystal field splitting. Therefore, the FWHM values of L$$_{3}$$-edge XANES of lanthanoid compounds may be more useful in speciation analysis rather than structural analysis such as EXAFS.

Journal Articles

Spin torques and electrical voltage generation in antiferromagnetic nanotextures

Yamane, Yuta*; Ieda, Junichi

Magune, 13(5), p.235 - 241, 2018/10

We overview the recent theoretical development on spin-transfer torque in antiferromagnetic nanostructures and related subjects. As antiferromagnetic materials are generating more attention lately due to their potential to play pivotal roles in spintronics applications, demands are rising for reliable methods to control and detect antiferromagnetic textures and their dynamics. While antiferromagnets are largely insensitive to external magnetic fields in general, electrical means are proving to be capable of offering promising ways to access the antiferromagnetic dynamics. We discuss in this article the possibility of manipulation and observation of dynamical antiferromagnetic textures by electrical current and voltage.

Journal Articles

Quark model estimate of hidden-charm pentaquark resonances

Hiyama, Emiko; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oka, Makoto; Richard, J.-M.*

Physical Review C, 98(4), p.045208_1 - 045208_8, 2018/10

A quark model, which reproduces the ground-state mesons and baryons, i.e., the threshold energies, is applied to the $$qqqcbar c$$ configurations, where $$q$$ is a light quark and $$c$$ the charmed quark. In the calculation, several open channels are explicitly included such as $$J/psi +N$$, $$eta_c+N$$, $$Lambda_c +D$$, etc. To distinguish genuine resonances and estimate their width, we employ Gaussian Expansion Method supplemented by the real scalingmethod (stabilization). No resonance is found at the energies of the $$P_c(4380)$$ and $$P_c(4450)$$ pentaquarks. On the other hand, there is a sharp resonant state at 4690 MeV with $$J=1/2^-$$ state and another one at 4920 MeV with $$J=3/2^-$$ state, which have a compact structure.

Journal Articles

Liquid-phase chemistry of rutherfordium (Rf), dubnium (Db) and seaborgium (Sg)

Nagame, Yuichiro

Radioisotopes, 67(10), p.507 - 526, 2018/10

Recent studies of the chemical separation and characterization experiments of the first three transactinide elements, rutherfordium (Rf), dubnium (Db) and seaborgium (Sg), conducted atom-at-a-time in liquid phases, are reviewed. A short description on experimental techniques based on partition methods, specifically automated rapid chemical separation systems, as well as on assessment of role of relativistic effects is also given. Perspectives for liquid phase chemistry experiments on heavier elements are briefly discussed.

Journal Articles

Structure determination of germanene by total-reflection high-energy positron diffraction

Fukaya, Yuki

Yodenshi Kagaku, (11), p.41 - 44, 2018/09


Journal Articles

Extraction ability of 4-benzoyl-3-phenyl-5-isoxazolone towards 4f-ions into ionic and molecular media

Atanassova, M.*; Okamura, Hiroyuki; Eguchi, Ayano; Ueda, Yuki; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Shimojo, Kojiro

Analytical Sciences, 34(8), p.973 - 978, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1

The distribution constants of 4-benzoyl-3-phenyl-5-isoxazolone (HPBI) and deprotonated one (PBI$$^{-}$$) between hydrophobic ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([C$$_{1}$$C$$_{4}$$im][Tf$$_{2}$$N]) and aqueous phases were determined, together with the acid-dissociation constant of HPBI. The solvent extraction of three selected lanthanoid ions (La$$^{3+}$$, Eu$$^{3+}$$, and Lu$$^{3+}$$) with HPBI from aqueous nitrate phase into [C$$_{1}$$C$$_{4}$$im][Tf$$_{2}$$N] has been investigated. Application of the ionic liquid as the extracting phase greatly enhanced the extraction performance of HPBI for lanthanoid ions compared with that in the chloroform system. The composition of the extracted species was established to be anionic tetrakis entities, Ln(PBI)$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$, for light, middle, and heavy lanthanoid ions in an ionic environment.

Journal Articles

Occupation sites and valence states of Co dopants in (La, Co)-codoped M-type Sr ferrite; $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance studies

Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ueda, Hiroaki*; Tanioku, Yasuaki*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Takao, Kenta*; Shimoda, Aiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(6), p.064403_1 - 064403_10, 2018/08

To specify preferential occupation sites of Co substituents and to clarify charge and spin states of Co ions in (La, Co)-cosubstituted hexagonal magnetoplumbite-type (M-type) Sr ferrite, $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are measured under zero and external magnetic fields using powdered and single crystalline specimens. To a considerable degree, the charge compensation between La$$^{3+}$$ and Co$$^{2+}$$ works in the equal (La, Co)-codoped case, where more than half of the Co ions are considered to be present in the minority spin $$4f_1$$ sites at the center of the oxygen tetrahedra, with the $$S$$ = 3/2 state carrying a small orbital moment owing to spin-orbit interaction. The remaining small number of high-spin Co$$^{2+}$$ ($$S$$ = 3/2, $$L$$ = 1) ions with unquenched orbital moments would be distributed to the other octahedral $$12k$$, $$2a$$, and $$4f_2$$ sites.

Journal Articles

Investigation of $$alpha$$ clustering with knockout reactions

Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*

Physical Review C, 98(2), p.024614_1 - 024614_6, 2018/08

In $$alpha$$ clustering studies, it is very important to probe the $$alpha$$ cluster amplitude at nuclear surface since $$alpha$$ spectroscopic factor is not necessarily a direct measure of the $$alpha$$ clustering. We consider $$^{20}$$Ne($$p$$,$$palpha$$)$$^{16}$$O and $$^{120}$$Sn($$p$$,$$palpha$$)$$^{116}$$Cd at 100 - 400 MeV within the distorted wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. We introduce a $textit{masking function}$ which shows how the reaction amplitude in the nuclear interior is suppressed and defines the probed region of the $$alpha$$ cluster wave function. It is clearly shown by means of the masking function that thanks to the absorption of distorting potentials, the $$alpha$$ knockout reaction probes the $$alpha$$ cluster amplitude in the nuclear surface region, which is the direct measure of well-developed $$alpha$$ cluster states.

Journal Articles

NMR study of actinide compounds; Case of actinide dioxides

Kambe, Shinsaku

Radioisotopes, 67(8), p.389 - 401, 2018/08


Journal Articles

Observation of gyromagnetic reversal

Imai, Masaki; Ogata, Yudai*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Letters, 113(5), p.052402_1 - 052402_3, 2018/07

We report direct observation of gyromagnetic reversal, which is the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio in a ferrimagnet Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$, by using the Barnett effect measurement technique at low temperatures. The Barnett effect is a phenomenon in which magnetization is induced by mechanical rotation through the coupling between rotation and total angular momentum $$J$$ of electrons. The magnetization of Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ induced by mechanical rotation disappears at 135 K and 240 K. The temperatures correspond to the magnetization compensation temperature $$T_{rm M}$$ and the angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$, respectively. Between $$T_{rm M}$$ and $$T_{rm A}$$, the magnetization flips over to be parallel against the angular momentum due to the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio. This study provides an unprecedented technique to explore the gyromagnetic properties.

Journal Articles

Spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets assisted by an external spin current

Gomonay, O.*; Yamamoto, Kei; Sinova, J.*

Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 51(26), p.264004_1 - 264004_9, 2018/07

Searching for novel spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets we study the properties of thermally activated magnons in the presence of an external spin current and temperature gradient. We predict the spin Peltier effect - generation of a heat flux by spin accumulation - in an antiferromagnetic insulator with cubic or uniaxial magnetic symmetry. This effect is related with spin-current induced splitting of the relaxation times of the magnons with opposite spin direction. We show that the Peltier effect can trigger antiferromagnetic domain wall motion with a force whose value grows with the temperature of a sample. We also demonstrate that the external spin current can induce the magnon spin Seebeck effect.

Journal Articles

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Iha, Wataru*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Honda, Fuminori*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.074709_1 - 074709_14, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:1

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the Kondo-like behavior in the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were studied using single-crystalline samples. Anomalous features in EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are due to valence fluctuation and/or valence change of the Eu ions at low temperatures.

Journal Articles

Anisotropic superconductivity emerging from the orbital degrees of freedom in a $$Gamma_3$$ non-Kramers doublet system

Kubo, Katsunori

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2018/07

We study superconductivity in a three-orbital model for $$f^2$$ ions with the $$Gamma_3$$ crystalline electric field (CEF) ground state. An antiferromagnetic interaction between the $$Gamma_7$$ and $$Gamma_8$$ orbitals is introduced to stabilize the $$Gamma_3$$ CEF state. This interaction also works as an on-site attractive interaction for spin-singlet pairing between electrons in these orbitals. The interorbital pairing state composed of the $$Gamma_7$$ and $$Gamma_8$$ orbitals on the same site has the $$E_g$$ symmetry. Indeed, by applying the random phase approximation, we find that the $$E_g$$ spin-singlet superconducting state is realized over a wide parameter range.

Journal Articles

Spin transfer torques and spin-dependent transport in a metallic F/AF/N tunneling junction

Yamamoto, Kei; Gomonay, O.*; Sinova, J.*; Schwiete, G.*

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014406_1 - 014406_24, 2018/07

We study spin-dependent electron transport through a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic-normal metal tunneling junction, in the absence of spin-orbit coupling. We derive microscopic formulas for various types of spin torque acting on the antiferromagnet as well as for charge and spin currents flowing through the junction. The obtained results are applicable in the limit of slow magnetization dynamics. We identify a parameter regime in which an unconventional damping-like torque can become comparable in magnitude to the conventional Slonczewski's torque familiar from ferromagnets. Moreover, we show that the antiferromagnetic sublattice structure opens up a channel of electron transport which does not have a ferromagnetic analog and that this mechanism leads to a pronounced field-like torque. Both charge conductance and spin current transmission through the junction depend on the relative orientation of the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic order parameters.

Journal Articles

$$N Omega$$ interaction; Meson exchanges, inelastic channels, and quasibound state

Sekihara, Takayasu; Kamiya, Yuki*; Hyodo, Tetsuo*

Physical Review C, 98(1), p.015205_1 - 015205_20, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:1

Based on a baryon-baryon interaction model with meson exchanges, we investigate the origin of the strong attraction in the $$N Omega (^{5}S_{2})$$ interaction, which was indicated by recent lattice QCD simulations. The long-range part of the potential is constructed by the conventional mechanisms, the exchanges of the $$eta$$ meson and of the correlated two mesons in the scalar-isoscalar channel, denoted by "$$sigma$$" in the literature. The short-range part is represented by the contact interaction. With the present model parameters fit to reproduce the scattering length of the HAL QCD result of the nearly physical quark masses, we obtain the $$N Omega (^{5}S_{2})$$ quasibound state with its eigenenergy $$2611.3 - 0.7 i$$ MeV.

Journal Articles

Nuclear moments of the low-lying isomeric $$1^+$$ state of $$^{34}$$Al; Investigation on the neutron $$1p1h$$ excitation across $$N=20$$ in the island of inversion

Xu, Z. Y.*; Heylen, H.*; Asahi, Koichiro*; Boulay, F.*; Daugas, J. M.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Gins, W.*; Kamalou, O.*; Koszor$'u$s, $'A$.*; Lykiardopoupou, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 782, p.619 - 626, 2018/07

GANIL研究所において、$$^{36}$$Sからのフラグメンテーション反応によって中性子過剰核$$^{34}$$Alにおける核異性体である$$1^+$$状態を生成し、その磁気双極子モーメントと電気的四重極モーメント(Qモーメント)をそれぞれ$$beta$$-NMR法および$$beta$$-NQR法を用いて測定した。この状態は中性子数20の殻ギャップを越えて励起したものであり、その性質を実験的に押さえることは、この原子核の周辺で知られている逆転の島(基底状態で既に殻ギャップを越えた励起が起こるとされる原子核の一団)の発現のメカニズムを解明するための有益な情報を与える。測定されたg因子の絶対値は$$1.757pm 0.014$$、Qモーメントの絶対値は38(5)mbとなった。これらの値は、大規模殻模型計算による予言値に近く、模型の高い記述能力を確かめることができた。

Journal Articles

A New technique for solvent extraction; Emulsion flow method

Okamura, Hiroyuki

Kagaku To Kyoiku, 66(6), p.286 - 287, 2018/06

The emulsion flow method has recently been developed and is an extraction technique based on the liquid-liquid system. This method has attracted much attention as an innovative technique combining simplicity and high performance. The emulsion flow apparatus can actualize solvent extraction by only solution sending. In this article, mechanism of the emulsion flow method was explained and recovery and removal of uranium was introduced as an application example.

Journal Articles

Odd-parity electronic multipolar ordering in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$; Conclusions from Si and Ru NMR measurements

Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Higa, Nonoka; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori; Walstedt, R. E.*; Harima, Hisatomo*

Physical Review B, 97(23), p.235142_1 - 235142_10, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:2

We report $$^{29}$$Si and $$^{101}$$Ru NMR measurements on high-quality, single-crystal URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ samples with a residual resistivity ratio RRR$$sim$$70. Our results show that the Si and Ru sites exhibit 4-fold electronic symmetry around the $$c$$-axis in the hidden-order state. A previously observed 2-fold contribution of Si NMR linewidth is concluded to be due to extrinsic magnetic centers. Since the U and Si sites are aligned along the $$c$$-axis, we conclude further that the electronic state shows 4-fold symmetry around the U site below the hidden-order transition. From this observed local symmetry, possible space groups for the hidden-order state are $$P4/nnc$$ or $$I4/m$$, based on group theoretical considerations. Since the order vector is considered to be $$Q=(001)$$, the hidden-order state is then found to be $$P4/nnc$$ with rank 5 odd-parity, i.e. electric dotriacontapolar order.

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