Iwasaki, Sachio; Oka, Makoto; Suzuki, Kei*; Yoshida, Tetsuya*
Physics Letters B, 790, p.71 - 76, 2019/03
We find a novel phenomenon induced by the interplay between a strong magnetic field and finite orbital angular momenta in hadronic systems, which is analogous to the Paschen-Back effect observed in the field of atomic physics. This effect allows the wave functions to drastically deform. We discuss anisotropic decay from the deformation as a possibility to measure the strength of the magnetic field in heavy-ion collision at LHC, RHIC and SPS, which has not experimentally been measured. As an example we investigate charmonia with finite orbital angular momentum in a strong magnetic field. We calculate the mass spectra and mixing rate. To obtain anisotropic wave functions, we apply the cylindrical Gaussian expansion method, where the Gaussian bases to expand the wave functions have different widths along transverse and longitudinal directions in the cylindrical coordinate.
Nuclear Physics A, 982, p.959 - 962, 2019/02
to study extremely dense matter in heavy-ion collisions at 1-19 AGeV/c at a future project of J-PARC (JPARC-HI). We will search for the first order phase boundary and its critical end point in the QCD phase diagram. We also aim at studying the properties of dense matter related to neutron stars and neutron star mergers, in particular the equation of state (EOS). We expect to produce world's highest rate heavy-ion beams of with the ion species from p to U. We design spectrometers based on a large dipole magnet to measure hadrons, dimuons, and hypernuclei. We evaluate some of key performance of the spectrometers based on detailed simulations.
Dioguardi, A. P.*; Yasuoka, Hiroshi*; Thomas, S. M.*; Sakai, Hironori; Cary, S. K.*; Kozimor, S. A.*; Albrecht-Schmitt, T. E.*; Choi, H. C.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Thompson, J. D.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035104_1 - 035104_6, 2019/01
We present a detailed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of Pu in bulk and powdered single-crystal plutonium tetraboride (PuB), which has recently been investigated as a potential correlated topological insulator. The Pu NMR spectra are consistent with axial symmetry of the shift tensor showing for the first time that Pu NMR can be observed in an anisotropic environment and up to room temperature. The temperature dependence of the Pu shift, combined with a relatively long spin-lattice relaxation time (), indicate that PuB adopts a nonmagnetic state with gaplike behavior consistent with our density functional theory calculations. The temperature dependencies of the NMR Knight shift and imply bulk gaplike behavior confirming that PuB is a good candidate topological insulator.
Murray, I.*; MacCormick, M.*; Bazin, D.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Crawford, H. L.*; Fallon, P.*; Li, K.*; Lee, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(1), p.011302_1 - 011302_7, 2019/01
理化学研究所のRI Beam Factory(RIBF)にて中性子過剰核Neの低励起状態を1陽子あるいは2陽子ノックアウト反応によって生成し、そこからの脱励起ガンマ線の測定によって、エネルギー準位を構築した。1410(15)keVのガンマ線を初めて測定し、反応断面積の系統性などからからへの遷移に対応すると提案した。既に知られている準位を用いて、との励起エネルギー比2.99(6)が得られた。この値は、回転スペクトルの値に近く、Neは強く変形していることがわかった。この実験結果は、大規模殻模型計算の結果とよく一致した。
Laskar, Md. S. R.*; Saha, S.*; Palit, R.*; Mishra, S. N.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Naik, Z.*; Babra, F. S.*; Biswas, S.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014308_1 - 014308_6, 2019/01
Elekes, Z.*; Kripk, *; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01
The nuclear structure of the Ni nucleus was investigated by (,) reaction using a NaI(Tl) array to detect the deexciting prompt rays. A new transition with an energy of 2227 keV was identified by and coincidences. Our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, and Sieja interaction produced good candidates for the experimental proton hole states in the observed energy region, and the theoretical cross sections showed good agreement with the experimental values. Although we could not assign all the experimental states to the theoretical ones unambiguously, the results are consistent with a reasonably large Z = 28 shell gap for nickel isotopes in accordance with previous studies.
Kim, H.*; Kim, K. S.*; Cheoun, M.-K.*; Jido, Daisuke*; Oka, Makoto
Physical Review D, 99(1), p.014005_1 - 014005_15, 2019/01
We investigate additional signatures to support the tetraquark mixing framework that has been recently proposed as a possible structure for the two nonets. We reexamine the mass ordering generated from the tetraquark nonets and show that this mass ordering is satisfied by the two nonets although the ordering in the heavy nonet is marginal. The marginal mass ordering can be regarded as another signature for tetraquarks because it can be explained partially by the hyperfine masses calculated from the tetraquark mixing framework. As a peculiar signature distinguished from the other approaches, we investigate the fall-apart coupling strengths into two vector mesons from our tetraquarks. Coupling strengths into the two-vector modes are found to enhance strongly in the heavy nonet while they are suppressed in the light nonet. The coupling ratios are found to be huge. This trend in the two-vector modes can provide another testing ground for the tetraquark mixing framework. Some experimental evidence related to the phenomena is discussed particularly from the resonances belonging to the heavy nonet.
Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Kitayama, Yuta*; Fukuda, Yoshiki*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Murakami, Masashi*; Komori, Yukiko*; Yano, Shinya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi*
Radiochimica Acta, 107(1), p.27 - 32, 2019/01
The aim of this study was to identify relevant Rf chemical species by using reversed-phase extraction chromatography with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) resin as the stationary phase. Because TTA can be used to extract specific metal ions, the distribution ratios of the system enabled determination of the specific complex formation constant of Rf. We performed several experiments on chemical systems with Zr, Hf, No, and Rf, determined their adsorption coefficients, and deduced the K values for Rf.
Nishio, Katsuhisa; Utsuno, Yutaka; Chiba, Satoshi*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakamura, Shoji
JAEA-Conf 2018-001, 226 Pages, 2018/12
The 2017 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at iVil in Tokai on November 16-17, 2017. The symposium was hosted by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) and Advanced Science Research Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and co-hosted by Japanese Nuclear Data Committee of AESJ and North Kanto Branch of AESJ. In the symposium, a tutorial was given by Prof. Rykaczewski (ORNL) "New nuclear data from total absorption spectroscopy and beta-delayed neutron measurements", as well as six oral sessions, "Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Data" (two sessions), "Nuclear Theory and Nuclear Data", "Reactors" and "Nuclear Data and Their Applications" (two sessions). In addition, recent advances in experiment, theory, evaluation, benchmark, and application were presented in the poster session. The symposium had 79 participants, who contributed to very active and fruitful discussions. This report consists of 37 papers, including those of 14 oral and 23 poster presentations.
Mori, Masanobu*; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Fujii, Kengo*; Yamazaki, Taiki*; Isaka, Mayu*; Kobayashi, Kentaro*; Iwamoto, Shinji*; Itabashi, Hideyuki*
Analytical Sciences, 34(12), p.1449 - 1453, 2018/12
The photocatalyst coating stainless-steel wire mesh (TiO-WM) was prepared by double-layer coating method. The TiO-WM was evaluated using flow analytical system, which included the reactor and conductimetric detector (FAS-CD). The DMSO decomposition test through the FAS-CD reveal that photocatalytst was stable coating on the stainless-steel wire mesh.
Marsh, B. A.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Andreyev, A.; 41 of others*
Nature Physics, 14(12), p.1163 - 1167, 2018/12
In rare cases, the removal of a single proton (Z) or neutron (N) from an atomic nucleus leads to a dramatic shape change. These instances are crucial for understanding the components of the nuclear interactions that drive deformation. The mercuryisotopes (Z = 80) are a striking example: their close neighbours, the lead isotopes (Z = 82), are spherical and steadily shrink with decreasing N. The even-mass (A = N + Z) mercury isotopes follow this trend. The odd-mass mercury isotopes Hg, however, exhibit noticeably larger charge radii. Due to the experimental difficulties of probing extremely neutron-deficient systems, and the computational complexity of modelling such heavy nuclides, the microscopic origin of this unique shape staggering has remained unclear. Here, by applying resonance ionization spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and nuclear spectroscopy as far as Hg, we determine Hg as the shape-staggering endpoint. By combining our experimental measurements with Monte Carlo shell model calculations, we conclude that this phenomenon results from the interplay between monopole and quadrupole interactions driving a quantum phase transition, for which we identify the participating orbitals. Although shape staggering in the mercury isotopes is a unique and localized feature in the nuclear chart, it nicely illustrates the concurrence of single-particle and collective degrees of freedom at play in atomic nuclei.
Bartiyar, H.*; Can, K. U.*; Erkol, G.*; Oka, Makoto; Takahashi, Toru*
Physical Review D, 98(11), p.114505_1 - 114505_14, 2018/12
Transition amplitude of spin 3/2 double-charm baryon to spin 1/2 ground state was evaluated in the lattice QCD, the first principle.
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Physical Review Letters, 121(23), p.237001_1 - 237001_6, 2018/12
We have measured magnetization at high pressure in the uranium ferromagnetic superconductor UGe and analyzed the magnetic data using Takahashi's spin fluctuation theory. There is a peak in the pressure dependence of the width of the spin fluctuation spectrum in the energy space at , the phase boundary of FM1 and FM2 where the superconducting transition temperature is highest. This suggests a clear correlation between the superconductivity and pressure-enhanced magnetic fluctuations developed at . The pressure effect on , where is the Curie temperature, suggests that the less itinerant ferromagnetic state FM2 is changed to a more itinerant one FM1 across . Peculiar features in relations between and in uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe, URhGe and UCoGe are discussed in comparison with those in high- cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors.
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Pospil, J.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakai, Hironori; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.104 - 107, 2018/12
Uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe, URhGe and UCoGe have attracted much attention from both theoretical and experimental sides since the same 5 electrons underlie carry both the ferromagnetism and superconductivity. Recently, we have analysed 69 uranium, 7 neptunium, and 4 plutonium ferromagnets with spin fluctuation theory originally developed for researches on itinerant ferromagnets in the 3 transition metals and their intermetallics. The applicability of the spin fluctuation theory to the actinide 5 system has been confirmed and the itinerant character of the 5f electrons is suggested in the actinide ferromagnets. In this conference, two results will be shown. One is the results of the analyses on 80 actinide ferromagnets and the other is the pressure dependence of the spin fluctuation parameters in UGe.
Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.
Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12
Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.
Koyama, Tomohiro*; Nakatani, Yoshinobu*; Ieda, Junichi; Chiba, Daichi*
Science Advances (Internet), 4(12), p.eaav0265_1 - eaav0265_5, 2018/12
We show that the electric field (EF) can control the magnetic domain wall (DW) velocity in a Pt/Co/Pd asymmetric structure. With the application of a gate voltage, a significant change in DW velocity up to 50 m/s is observed, which is much greater than that observed in previous studies. Moreover, a DW velocity exceeding 100 m/s is clearly modulated. An EF-induced change in the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) up to several percent is found to be the origin of the velocity modulation. The DMI-mediated velocity change shown here is a fundamentally different mechanism from that caused by EF-induced anisotropy modulation. Our results will pave the way for the electrical manipulation of spin structures and dynamics via DMI control, which can enhance the performance of spintronic devices.
Lustikova, J.*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Yokoi, Naoto*; Kabeya, Noriyuki*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Ienaga, Koichiro*; Kaneko, Shinichi*; Okuma, Satoshi*; Takahashi, Saburo*; Saito, Eiji
Nature Communications, 9, p.4922_1 - 4922_6, 2018/11
A rectenna, standing for a rectifying antenna, is an apparatus which generates d.c. electricity from electric fluctuations. It is expected to realize wireless power transmission as well as energy harvesting from environmental radio waves. To realize such rectification, devices that are made up of internal atomic asymmetry such as an asymmetric junction have been necessary so far. Here we report a material that spontaneously generates electricity by rectifying environmental fluctuations without using atomic asymmetry. The sample is a common superconductor without lowered crystalline symmetry, but, just by putting it in an asymmetric magnetic environment, it turns into a rectifier and starts generating electricity. Superconducting vortex strings only annihilate and nucleate at surfaces, and this allows the bulk electrons to feel surface fluctuations in an asymmetric environment: a vortex rectenna. The rectification and generation can be switched on and off with only a slight change in temperature or external magnetic fields.
Adare, A.*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Imai, Kenichi; Nagamiya, Shoji; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; Tanida, Kiyoshi; PHENIX Collaboration*; 448 of others*
Physical Review C, 98(5), p.054902_1 - 054902_11, 2018/11
We have measured direct photons for GeV/ in minimum bias and 0% - 40% most central events at midrapidity for CuCu collisions at GeV. The contribution from quasi-real direct virtual photons has been determined as an excess over the known hadronic contributions in the mass distribution. A clear enhancement of photons over the binary scaled fit is observed for GeV/ in CuCu data. The spectra are consistent with the AuAu data covering a similar number of participants. The inverse slopes of the exponential fits to the excess after subtraction of the baseline are 28553(stat)57(syst)~MeV/ and 33372(stat)45(syst)~MeV/ for minimum bias and 0%--40% most central events, respectively. The rapidity density, , of photons demonstrates the same power law as a function of observed in AuAu at the same collision energy.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A.; 57 of others*
Physics Letters B, 786, p.355 - 363, 2018/11
The first accurate measurements of the -decay branching ratio and half-life of the I=1/2 ground state in Tl have been made, along with the first determination of the magnetic moments and I=1/2 spin assignments of the ground states in Au. The results are discussed within the complementary systematics of the reduced -decay widths and nuclear g factors of low-lying, I=1/2states in the neutron-deficient lead region. The findings shed light on the unexpected hindrance of the 1/2 1/2, Tl Au decay, which is explained by a mixing of 3sand 2d configurations in Au, whilst Tl remains a near-pure 3s. This conclusion is inferred from the g factor of Au which has an intermediate value between those of 3s and 2d states. A similar mixed configuration is proposed for the I=1/2 ground state of Au. This mixing may provide evidence for triaxial shapes in the ground states in these nuclei.
Nakamura, Shota*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Kittaka, Shunichiro*; Kono, Yohei*; Haga, Yoshinori; Pospisil, J.; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.123 - 127, 2018/11
Dc magnetization measurements have been performed on the orthorhombic Ising ferromagnet Urge. We observed a clear first-order reorientation transition with a small hysteresis and estimated the tricritical point to be around 4 K. The magnetization and the thermal expansion data indicate the presence of a characteristic temperature of about 1 K.