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論文

Observation of gyromagnetic reversal

今井 正樹; 緒方 裕大*; 中堂 博之; 小野 正雄; 針井 一哉; 松尾 衛*; 大沼 悠一*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治

Applied Physics Letters, 113(5), p.052402_1 - 052402_3, 2018/07

We report direct observation of gyromagnetic reversal, which is the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio in a ferrimagnet Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$, by using the Barnett effect measurement technique at low temperatures. The Barnett effect is a phenomenon in which magnetization is induced by mechanical rotation through the coupling between rotation and total angular momentum $$J$$ of electrons. The magnetization of Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ induced by mechanical rotation disappears at 135 K and 240 K. The temperatures correspond to the magnetization compensation temperature $$T_{rm M}$$ and the angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$, respectively. Between $$T_{rm M}$$ and $$T_{rm A}$$, the magnetization flips over to be parallel against the angular momentum due to the sign change of gyromagnetic ratio. This study provides an unprecedented technique to explore the gyromagnetic properties.

論文

Spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets assisted by an external spin current

Gomonay, O.*; 山本 慧; Sinova, J.*

Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 51(26), p.264004_1 - 264004_9, 2018/07

反強磁性体における新奇スピン熱現象開拓のため、本稿では印可されたスピン流の存在下における熱励起されたマグノンの性質を調べる。まずスピン蓄積による熱流の生成、すなわちスピンペルチエ効果が立方晶、あるいは一軸結晶の対称性を持つ反強磁性体で生じることを予言する。この効果はマグノン緩和時間がスピン流によってマグノンのスピン分極方向に対する依存性を獲得することに由来する。このペルチエ効果は反強磁性磁壁の運動を駆動し、その駆動力は物質の温度が上昇するにつれて大きくなる。またスピン流がマグノンスピンゼーベック効果を誘起することも示す。

論文

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

竹内 哲也*; 屋良 朝之*; 安次富 洋介*; 伊覇 航*; 垣花 将司*; 中島 美帆*; 天児 寧*; 本多 史憲*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.074709_1 - 074709_14, 2018/07

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the Kondo-like behavior in the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were studied using single-crystalline samples. Anomalous features in EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are due to valence fluctuation and/or valence change of the Eu ions at low temperatures.

論文

Anisotropic superconductivity emerging from the orbital degrees of freedom in a $$Gamma_3$$ non-Kramers doublet system

久保 勝規

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2018/07

We study superconductivity in a three-orbital model for $$f^2$$ ions with the $$Gamma_3$$ crystalline electric field (CEF) ground state. An antiferromagnetic interaction between the $$Gamma_7$$ and $$Gamma_8$$ orbitals is introduced to stabilize the $$Gamma_3$$ CEF state. This interaction also works as an on-site attractive interaction for spin-singlet pairing between electrons in these orbitals. The interorbital pairing state composed of the $$Gamma_7$$ and $$Gamma_8$$ orbitals on the same site has the $$E_g$$ symmetry. Indeed, by applying the random phase approximation, we find that the $$E_g$$ spin-singlet superconducting state is realized over a wide parameter range.

論文

Spin transfer torques and spin-dependent transport in a metallic F/AF/N tunneling junction

山本 慧; Gomonay, O.*; Sinova, J.*; Schwiete, G.*

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014406_1 - 014406_24, 2018/07

We study spin-dependent electron transport through a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic-normal metal tunneling junction, in the absence of spin-orbit coupling. We derive microscopic formulas for various types of spin torque acting on the antiferromagnet as well as for charge and spin currents flowing through the junction. The obtained results are applicable in the limit of slow magnetization dynamics. We identify a parameter regime in which an unconventional damping-like torque can become comparable in magnitude to the conventional Slonczewski's torque familiar from ferromagnets. Moreover, we show that the antiferromagnetic sublattice structure opens up a channel of electron transport which does not have a ferromagnetic analog and that this mechanism leads to a pronounced field-like torque. Both charge conductance and spin current transmission through the junction depend on the relative orientation of the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic order parameters.

論文

Nuclear moments of the low-lying isomeric $$1^+$$ state of $$^{34}$$Al; Investigation on the neutron $$1p1h$$ excitation across $$N=20$$ in the island of inversion

Xu, Z. Y.*; Heylen, H.*; 旭 耕一郎*; Boulay, F.*; Daugas, J. M.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Gins, W.*; Kamalou, O.*; Koszor$'u$s, $'A$.*; Lykiardopoupou, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 782, p.619 - 626, 2018/07

GANIL研究所において、$$^{36}$$Sからのフラグメンテーション反応によって中性子過剰核$$^{34}$$Alにおける核異性体である$$1^+$$状態を生成し、その磁気双極子モーメントと電気的四重極モーメント(Qモーメント)をそれぞれ$$beta$$-NMR法および$$beta$$-NQR法を用いて測定した。この状態は中性子数20の殻ギャップを越えて励起したものであり、その性質を実験的に押さえることは、この原子核の周辺で知られている逆転の島(基底状態で既に殻ギャップを越えた励起が起こるとされる原子核の一団)の発現のメカニズムを解明するための有益な情報を与える。測定されたg因子の絶対値は$$1.757pm 0.014$$、Qモーメントの絶対値は38(5)mbとなった。これらの値は、大規模殻模型計算による予言値に近く、模型の高い記述能力を確かめることができた。

論文

Dynamical density matrix renormalization group study of spin and charge excitations in the four-leg $$t$$-$$t'$$-$$J$$ ladder

遠山 貴己; 森 道康; 曽田 繁利*

Physical Review B, 97(23), p.235137_1 - 235137_7, 2018/06

 被引用回数:1

We investigate the dynamical spin and charge structure factors of the $$t$$-$$t'$$-$$J$$ four-leg ladder by using dynamical density-matrix renormalization group. The dynamical charge structure factor along the momentum direction from $$q=(0,0)$$ to $$(pi,0)$$ clearly shows low-energy excitations corresponding to the stripe order in hole doping. On the other hand, the stripe order weakens in electron doping, resulting in less low-energy excitations in the charge channel. In spin channel, we find incommensurate spin excitations near $$q=(pi,pi)$$ forming a hour-glass behavior in hole doping, while in electron doping we find clearly spin-wave-like dispersions starting from $$q=(pi,pi)$$. Along the $$(0,0)$$-$$(pi,0)$$ direction, the spin excitations are strongly influenced by the stripes in hole doping, resulting in two branches that form a discontinuous behavior in the dispersion. In contrast, the electron-doped systems show a downward shift in energy toward $$(pi,0)$$.

論文

Nonperturbative evaluation for anomalous dimension in 2-dimensional $$O$$(3) sigma model

Jimmenez, S.*; 岡 眞; 佐々木 潔*

Physical Review D, 97(11), p.114506_1 - 114506_28, 2018/06

2次元$$O$$(3)シグマ模型における異常次元を有限体積中で非摂動的に計算し、摂動的な計算結果と比較検討した。

論文

Is seniority a partial dynamic symmetry in the first $$nu$$$$g_{9/2}$$ shell?

Morales, A. I.*; Orlandi, R.; 他61名*

Physics Letters B, 781, p.706 - 712, 2018/06

By studying the $$beta$$ decay of the radioactive nuclei $$^{72}$$Co and $$^{74}$$Co produced at RIBF, RIKEN, the low-lying excited states in $$^{72,74}$$Ni were studied for the first time up to spin 8$$^+$$. These states originate from the valence neutrons occupying the $$g_{9/2}$$ orbit, and permit to investigate the seniority quantum number. The data reveal that the seniority isomerism of the 8$$^+$$ state disappears, and this phenomenon is explained by comparison with shell model calculations and the influence of spherical doubly-magic $$^{78}$$Ni.

論文

重元素・超重元素の科学(原子核物理); 超重元素の核的性質(理論); 超重核の安定の島

小浦 寛之

Radioisotopes, 67(6), p.267 - 275, 2018/06

Radioisotopes誌の連載講座「重元素・超重元素の科学」のシリーズにて「超重元素の核的性質(理論)」のテーマで解説を行い、超重核領域における原子核の核構造、崩壊様式の理論について概説をし、いわゆる「超重核の安定の島」の理論的予測について発表者が行った研究結果を中心に紹介する。まず核図表を用いて原子核の安定性の物理的意味の簡単な説明と原子核合成実験の現状を紹介し、次いで超重核領域における単一粒子準位の理論計算を用いて超重核の安定性の定性的な議論を行う。さらに原子核の安定性の直接の指標である原子核崩壊様式について一般的な解説をしたのち、KTUY(小浦-橘-宇野-山田)質量模型を用いた$$alpha$$崩壊, $$beta$$崩壊, 自発核分裂についての計算結果を紹介する。われわれの研究により、陽子の数が114、中性子の数が184が2重閉殻魔法数であり、これを中心に超重核の安定の島が分布している予測を得ている。そしてこの領域における最長の半減期をもつ原子核は$$^{294}$$Ds(原子番号110)と見積もることができ、その半減期はおよそ300年、その崩壊様式は$$alpha$$崩壊が優勢という理論予測となった。

論文

重元素・超重元素の科学(原子核物理); 超重核の殻構造を実験的に探る

浅井 雅人

Radioisotopes, 67(6), p.291 - 298, 2018/06

超重核の存在限界や安定性は原子核の殻構造に本質的に依存する。理論的には陽子数114$$sim$$126、中性子数172$$sim$$184の領域に球形で安定な二重閉殻構造を持つ超重核の存在が予想されているが、その閉殻の位置や強さは理論によって大きく異なり、確立されているとは言い難い。一方で、最近の実験技術の進歩により超重核の殻構造に関する実験データが少しずつ蓄積されており、半減期や質量などの安定性に関する情報だけでなく、核分光学的手法により超重核の基底状態や励起準位の構造を直接的に明らかにしようとする試みも行われつつある。本稿では、それら超重核の殻構造に関する実験的研究の現状を紹介する。

論文

Dirac surface state-modulated spin dynamics in a ferrimagnetic insulator at room temperature

Tang, C.*; Song, Q.*; Chang, C.-Z.*; Xu, Y.*; 大沼 悠一; 松尾 衛*; Liu, Y.*; Yuan, W.*; Yao, Y.*; Moodera, J. S.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 4(6), p.eaas8660_1 - eaas8660_6, 2018/06

This work demonstrates markedly modified spin dynamics of magnetic insulator (MI) by the spin momentum-locked Dirac surface states of the adjacent topological insulator (TI). As the Bi concentration $$x$$ is systematically tuned in 5-nm-thick (Bi$$_{x}$$Sb$$_{1-x}$$)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ TI films, the weight of the surface relative to bulk states peaks at $$x$$ = 0.32 when the chemical potential approaches the Dirac point. At this concentration, the Gilbert damping constant of the precessing magnetization in 10-nm-thick Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ MI films in the MI/TI heterostructures is enhanced by an order of magnitude, the largest among all concentrations. In addition, the MI acquires additional strong magnetic anisotropy that favors the in-plane orientation with similar Bi concentration dependence. These extraordinary effects of the Dirac surface states distinguish TI from other materials such as heavy metals in modulating spin dynamics of the neighboring magnetic layer.

論文

Magnetic anisotropy by Rashba spin-orbit coupling in antiferromagnetic thin films

家田 淳一; Barnes, S. E.*; 前川 禎通

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(5), p.053703_1 - 053703_4, 2018/05

 被引用回数:1

Magnetic anisotropy in an antiferromagnet (AFM) with inversion symmetry breaking (ISB) is investigated. The magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) resulting from the Rashba spin-orbit and $$s$$-$$d$$ type exchange interactions is determined for two different models of AFMs. The global ISB model, representing the effect of a surface, an interface, or a gating electric field, results in an easy-plane magnetic anisotropy. In contrast, for a local ISB model, i.e., for a noncentrosymmetric AFM, perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) arises. Both results differ from the ferromagnetic case, in which the result for PMA depends on the band structure and dimensionality. These MAE contributions play a key role in determining the direction of the N$'{e}$el order parameter in antiferromagnetic nanostructures, and reflect the possibility of electrical-field control of the N$'{e}$el vector.

論文

Spin colossal magnetoresistance in an antiferromagnetic insulator

Qiu, Z.*; Hou, D.*; Barker, J.*; 山本 慧; Gomonay, O.*; 齊藤 英治*

Nature Materials, 17(7), p.577 - 580, 2018/05

 被引用回数:1

巨大磁気抵抗とは導体絶縁体相転移の近傍で磁場により電気抵抗が大幅に変化する現象を指す。これは磁気構造と電気伝導の強い相関に由来し、数十年にわたって盛んに研究されてきた。本稿では、反強磁性絶縁体であるCr$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$が室温においてスピン流についての明確な導体不導体を起こすことを報告する。スピン流透過率はネール温度近傍の14度の間で2桁変化する。このスピン流についての導体不導体転移は磁場によって制御可能であり、定温で最大500%透過率が変化し事実上のスピン流透過不透過切り替えのスイッチとなる。

論文

Dynamical quadrupole structure factor of frustrated ferromagnetic chain

大西 弘明

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.346 - 349, 2018/05

In a spin-1/2 $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$ Heisenberg chain with ferromagnetic $$J_{1}$$ and antiferromagnetic $$J_{2}$$, the ground state in high magnetic fields is a quadrupole state, the so-called spin nematic state. To understand the properties of the spin nematic state from the viewpoint of excitation dynamics, we have studied dynamical spin structure factors by density-matrix renormalization group methods. In the spin nematic regime, we find gapless longitudinal and gapped transverse spin excitation spectra, in accordance with quasi-long-ranged longitudinal and short-ranged transverse spin correlations, respectively. These features can be examined by inelastic neutron scattering experiments. However, they are indirect evidence for the spin nematic state. Here, we proceed to analyze dynamical quadrupole structure factors to clarify excitation dynamics in the quadrupole channel. We observe gapless excitations at $$q$$=$$pi$$, signaling quasi-long-ranged antiferro-quadrupole correlations. Information of spectral intensity distribution would be useful to discuss how we can detect the spin nematic state directly by experiments.

論文

Inelastic X-ray scattering of $$RT$$Al$$_3$$ ($$R$$ = La, Ce, $$T$$ = Cu, Au)

筒井 智嗣*; 金子 耕士; Pospisil, J.; 芳賀 芳範

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.24 - 27, 2018/05

Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiments of RTAl$$_3$$ ($$R$$ = La Ce, $$T$$ = Cu, Au) were carried out at 300 and 5.5 K. The spectra between LaCuAl$$_3$$ and CeCuAl$$_3$$ (LaAuAl$$_3$$ and CeAuAl$$_3$$) are nearly identical at both temperatures except for temperature factors such as temperature dependence of Bose factor in IXS spectra and effect on thermal expansion. This means that no evident temperature dependence of IXS spectra was observed in CeTAl$$_3$$ ($$T$$ = Cu, Au).

論文

Systematic shell-model study of $$beta$$-decay properties and Gamow-Teller strength distributions in $$A {approx} 40$$ neutron-rich nuclei

吉田 聡太*; 宇都野 穣; 清水 則孝*; 大塚 孝治*

Physical Review C, 97(5), p.054321_1 - 054321_17, 2018/05

陽子数が13から18まで、中性子数が22から34までの78核種のベータ崩壊半減期及び遅発中性子放出確率を大規模殻模型計算によって求めた。これらは非常に中性子過剰な原子核であるため、実験データが限られており、また、速い元素合成過程の理解に重要な性質である。そのうち実験データがある47核種の半減期を非常によく再現することを示した。これらのベータ崩壊の性質については、核構造の観点からはガモフテラー遷移強度分布が重要となる。ガモフテラー遷移強度分布を詳しく調べた結果、半減期に対して特に重要な低励起状態への強度分布に核子数の偶奇性が強く現れることがわかった。陽子中性子対相関がその性質を支配していることを計算により示した。

論文

Charge radii and electromagnetic moments of $$^{195-211}$$At

Cubiss, J.*; Andreyev, A.; 西尾 勝久; 永目 諭一郎

Physical Review C, 97(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_19, 2018/05

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts of $$^{195-211}$$At have been measured for the first time at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy method. The hyperfine structures of isotopes were recorded using a triad of experimental techniques for monitoring the photo-ion current. The Multi-Reflection Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer, in connection with a high-resolution electron multiplier, was used as an ion-counting setup for isotopes that either were affected by strong isobaric contamination or possessed a long half-life; the ISOLDE Faraday cups were used for cases with high-intensity beams; and the Windmill decay station was used for short-lived, predominantly $$alpha$$-decaying nuclei. The electromagnetic moments and changes in the mean-square charge radii of the astatine nuclei have been extracted from the measured hyperfine-structure constants and isotope shifts. This was only made possible by dedicated state-of-the-art large-scale atomic computations of the electronic factors and the specific mass shift of atomic transitions in astatine that are needed for these extractions. By comparison with systematics, it was possible to assess the reliability of the results of these calculations and their ascribed uncertainties. A strong deviation in the ground-state mean-square charge radii of the lightest astatine isotopes, from the trend of the (spherical) lead isotopes, is interpreted as the result of an onset of deformation. This behavior bears a resemblance to the deviation observed in the isotonic polonium isotopes. Cases for shape coexistence have been identified in $$^{197,199}$$At, for which a significant difference in the charge radii for ground (9/2$$^{-}$$) and isomeric (1/2$$^{+}$$) states has been observed.

論文

Tetraquark mixing framework for isoscalar resonances in light mesons

Kim, H.*; Kim, K. S.*; Cheoun, M.-K.*; 岡 眞

Physical Review D, 97(9), p.094005_1 - 094005_17, 2018/05

アイソスピン0のスカラー中間子に対して、テトラクォーク描像を用いて、その状態混合の可能性を調べた。その結果を崩壊の解析にも応用した。

論文

Charmonium ground and excited states at finite temperature from complex Borel sum rules

荒木 賢志*; 鈴木 渓*; Gubler, P.; 岡 眞

Physics Letters B, 780, p.48 - 53, 2018/05

本論文ではcクォークとc反クォークからなるチャーモニウムの基底状態と励起状態の有限温度における振る舞いを調べる。そのためには以前我々の研究グループによって開発された複素Borel和則を最大エントロピーと組み合わせた解析を行う。その結果、チャーモニウムの基底状態と励起状態の融解温度の算出に成功した。QCDによるチャーモニウムの励起状態の算出はこの論文では初めて成功した結果である。

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